Polar Bears Threatened With Extinction, Elevated Temperature Destroys The Natural Habitat. The human race from the beginning of globalization destroys and exploits all possible resources before him. Only in the last 20 years we have influenced the decline in the population size of various animals. And so that the drastic reduction of the population of polar bears. Scientists also predict that in the next decade will witness the extinction of this 600,000-year-old animal species.
Climate change caused a rise in temperature at the North Pole. The temperature increase has a negative impact on the environment and the resulting reduction of natural habitat for populations of polar bears, the researchers European geo-scientific Union. Research has shown that all populations of polar bears in the last desestljeću more and more retreating toward the center of the North Pole in search of suitable temperature for life. Climate change has also affected the change in behavior of polar bears, some groups have caused aggressive behavior in others, lack of desire to play.
Scientists will have the next 50 years to come up with a solution on how to prevent the extinction of polar bears. It will also have the effect of altering the minds of people in the preservation of the same. Polar bears are magnificent display of evolutionary possibilities of animals and would be a great pity if the human race is the fault of their extinction. Small changes in our daily lives can make big changes in the future.
Polar bears are found in the Arctic Circle and surrounding land masses. There are 19 recognized subpopulations, and estimates place their numbers at about 20,000 to 25,000. Polar bears are classed as vulnerable by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and listed as a threatened species under the US Endangered Species Act. Yet some claim that polar bear numbers have increased since the 1950s and are now stable. So what is the situation for this species?
First of all, a few points need to be made about polar bear numbers:
Nobody really knows how many bears there were in the 1950s and 1960s. Estimates then were based on anecdotal evidence provided by hunters or explorers and not by scientific surveys.
Polar bears are affected by several factors, including hunting, pollution and oil extraction. Most notably, hunting, particularly following the introduction of snowmobiles, airplanes and ice breakers, led to a huge decline in certain subpopulations. The introduction of the International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears in 1973, which restricted or even banned hunting in some circumstances, consequently resulted in an increase in polar bear numbers.
Not all subpopulations are affected to the same degree by climate change, and while some subpopulations are well studied, for others there is insufficient data to make broad statements about current and past numbers.
With this caveat in mind, what do the figures actually say? According to a 2009 report by the IUCN Polar Bear Specialist Group of the 19 recognized subpopulations of polar bears, 8 are in decline, one is increasing, three are stable and 7 do not have enough data to draw any conclusions. Figure 1 below compares the data for 2005 and of 2009.
Both habitat degradation and over-harvesting are responsible for the decline in some subpopulations. To understand why the IUCN and US Endangered Species Act consider polar bears to be at risk, it is important to look at how rising temperatures are likely to affect their habitat in the future. Polar bears are highly specialised mammals which rely heavily on sea ice for food and other aspects of their life cycle. Satellite data show that Arctic sea ice has been decreasing for the past 30 years, and projections show that this trend will continue as temperatures carry on rising. The changes in sea ice affect polar bears in several ways:
The early retreat of summer sea ice means that bears have less time to hunt and therefore less time to build up fat reserves.
The fragmentation and reduction in sea ice has several impacts. It forces the bears to swim longer distances, using up some of their fat reserves. It also reduces the number of seals, which are the bears’ main source of food, and impedes travelling and den making. And it also forces the bears to spend more time on land, with increased interactions with humans potentially leading to higher mortality.
To get an idea of the potential impacts of future climate change on polar bears, we can look at subpopulations found at the bears’ southern range, where habitat changes have been most noticeable so far. A good example is the western Hudson Bay subpopulation, which is one of the best studied. Here, ice floe break-up is taking place earlier than 30 years ago, effectively reducing the feeding period by about three weeks. As a result, the average weight of female polar bears has dropped by about 21% between 1980 and 2004, and the population declined by 22% between 1987 and 2004. In Alaska, there is evidence of increased cub mortality caused by a decline in sea ice.
In conclusion, the reason polar bears have been classed as threatened comes from the impacts of future climate change on the bears’ habitat. Current analysis of subpopulations where data is sufficient clearly shows that those subpopulations are mainly in decline. Further habitat degradation will increase the threats to polar bears.
Basic rebuttal written by Anne-Marie Blackburn