European Nightjar, (Eurasian Nightjar Or Just Nightjar) Caprimulgus Europaeus

European Nightjar, (Eurasian Nightjar or just Nightjar) Caprimulgus europaeus

Conservation status:

Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN):
There is no reason for concern (LC) – the most risk.


The loss of the respective habitats are considered the main reason for the large reduction in the number of these animals. And existing habitats are facing pressure from the need to build new settlements and road construction. Also it considered that the reduction of insect prey caused by climatic factors and the use of pesticides had a role in reducing the number of European night swallow. Protection measures should focus on natural reserves where management techniques are used for the benefit of this kind. The creation of new habitats, promoting appropriate ways of managing forests and agricultural systems.

European Nightjar


In warmer southern Europe and parts of Africa and Asia,

Morphology and Biology:

The feathers of adults are moss gray, with stripes and brown and black. The lower parts have stripes. The white dots of the base color and the white peaks of external gird feathers are characteristic of males; younger males these are different. Beak is black and the legs are reddish brown.
Different feathers resembling those of bird spinning over has a wide beak and long wings. While lower soft feathers and evening living habits are like the owls. The length is 25-30 cm, weight is 50-100 g and the range of the wings is 53-61 cm.

Males are distinguished from females by white spots on the wings and tail, as he gracefully hovering over her, wings beating at an acute angle, spread tail to show white spots. The country’s two birds move their tail from side to side when excited. This bird does not catch with his mouth open, as is often thought, but the big beak opens to large insects such as moths and other nocturnal species of beetles, which hunts with greed. His food is nocturnal insects and operate from dusk until dawn, hunting moths and other large flying insects.


They live in different types of habitats such as freshwater swamps, orchards and even gardens. However, the most important habitats for this European Nightjar species lowland moor lands and plantations of young forest.

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